Posted 22 October, 2014 by-Ministry of Culture and Sports in News

35 Years as Cultural Heritage

The 26 October 1979 the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural (UNESCO), declared as Cultural Heritage, the colonial city of Antigua Guatemala and Tikal National Park.

Both places are displays of the cultural richness of Guatemala to the world, becoming and tourist destinations most visited by foreign nationals.

Antigua Guatemala was founded in 1524 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado, who named the city of Santiago de los Caballeros. City of cobbled streets, witness the passage of time, built on the slopes of Volcan de Agua, has survived several natural disaster. Currently preserved traditions and customs inherited, product mix of pre-Hispanic and colonial times.

UNESCO awarded the City of Antigua Guatemala the title of Cultural Heritage, because it brings together a number of historical and cultural elements unique in the world, worthy to be preserved.

Some of the criteria taken into account in this declaration are: the remarkable influence of Spain in the Baroque architecture of its main buildings and monuments, It was the model for the construction of the cities of the time in Latin America, over the centuries 17 and 18 was the center of religious images export to Spain and other countries of the New World, the large number of churches and monasteries testify to the influence of the Catholic religion in the daily life of the city during the colonial era, well as the customs and traditions that to this day are developed and observed at the site.

Nowadays people visiting Antigua Guatemala enjoy the tranquility of the place combined with projected scenery ruins of colonial architecture and the volcanoes that are located at the periphery.

Among the places you can visit are cultural centers such as the Museo de Arte Colonial, Old Book Museum, Royal Palace of the Captains, the ruins of ancient monasteries that are open to the public. In addition to a wealth of artistic and cultural expressions that occur in different seasons, including Easter and the Burning of the Devil eg.

parque  nacional tikaaaTikal National Park, in May 1955 earned the title of National Park and 1970 the National Monument, is currently considered as the place where the most important city to the world of the great Mayan Civilization.

Located in the department of Petén, Tikal National Park combines historic features and cultural remains of one of the most important ancient civilizations of humanity with the natural wealth surrounding.

The union of these elements became the first in the world to be receiving the title of Mixed Heritage: Cultural and Natural Heritage, awarded by UNESCO, Year of 1979.

In the area that is the Tikal National Park, are unique species of animals and plants in the world, that attract visitors from all over the world.

The magnificent temples and buildings of the old city are icons of our country and the Maya Civilization worldwide. This place has been the starting point in the progress of the investigations of Maya archeology.

At present the Ministry of Culture and Sports works with public and private entities, for the protection and conservation of both the Tikal National Park and the City of Antigua Guatemala, through the creation of management plans and self-support that enable better management of resources held by each one of these places.

Guatemala is a country with an abundance of cultural and natural elements of their heritage and represent its people worldwide, which are reason enough to be proud to be Guatemalan.

Protection, preservation and promotion of our culture is the responsibility of all people who live in this country.

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-Ministry of Culture and Sports