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Posted 16 August, 2012 by Ministry of Culture and Sports in News
 
 

Replica exposure Leyden Plate

The Government of Guatemala Holland brought three replicates of a sample of major masterpieces that was found in Guatemalan territory 1864 elaborate jade: "The Leyden Plaque", which has a hieroglyphic inscription, being the last Baktun Long Count of 5,200 years of sacred Maya Calendar.

One of the replica was unveiled in the hall of Flags National Palace of Culture by the Minister of Culture and Sports, Carlos Batzin; la Viceministra de Patrimonio Cultural, María Rosa Chan; Ambassador of the Netherlands in Guatemala, Jaan Jaap Van de Velde and Ak Association President Tenamit, Dolores Cabnal.

Exposición de la Réplica de la Placa de Leyden

Replica exposure Leyden Plate

The Minister of Culture reported that: "Although the original plate is not in the country due to lack of financial resources, These actions seek to deepen knowledge dissemination and iconic elements that talk about the cycles of time and the movement of cosmos, and raise awareness of the meaning and history of Leyden Plate, which is displayed from 1903 Ethnographic Museum in Holland ".

The Museum of Tikal, located in Petén, be one of the scenarios to look the part. Another will be on display inside the National Palace of Culture and later be transferred to the National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. According to Batzin, has yet to define whether the third piece takes Quirigua or other museum.

The Deputy Minister of Cultural and Natural Heritage, Rosa Maria Chan said it is necessary to recognize, value and position the ancestral wisdom and knowledge, which was the basis of the science that is currently being developed. The Ambassador of the Netherlands said that to increase knowledge concerning the meaning of the plate, will develop a series of conferences in the coming months.

From the year 2006, This iconic symbol of 13 B'aktun of engraved on the back of bills quetzal. Plate, dated 320 d.C., has on its front adorned body of a Mayan ruler, According to archaeologists called "Moon Zero Bird" covered with gods, emblems and symbols. The call Leyden plate is evidence of extensive trade Maya Caribbean Coast. In this area stood the enigmatic Nito port, that ere the main river and sea port of the Mayan which was also used by settlers who came later.

Exposición de la Réplica de la Placa de Leyden

Replica exposure Leyden Plate

Leyden plate is a pure jade figurine size is drawn and carved on both sides. On one side presents the figure of a character dressed richly, with four or more human faces emerge from their dresses and feathered headdresses in your head, which also leave marks planets. On the other side, There are several different writing hieroglyphs and meaning and registration numbers: 8-14-3-1-12-5, which according to archaeologists and scientists, represents the oldest Mayan date, written in some monument. It is assumed by the richness and variety of character costumes, Jade said plate was recorded in Tikal, to commemorate a momentous event, worthy of writing for posterity.

The earliest date of the Mayan hieroglyphic writing is what is engraved on the plate Leyden, small object like a hatchet, made of jade, found in Puerto Barrios, Guatemala, in 1864. This plate, of 21.5 cm long 7.6 wide. Research has attempted to show that this piece was made in the archaeological site of Tikal now.

The strongest argument is based on the figure of the captive who lies on the ground behind the main figure is engraved on the front of the Leyden Plate, has a huge resemblance with the figures of captives who are in all the monuments of Tikal. This being so, and based on some other vestiges dating, we can say that one of the oldest Mayan cities so far known is, precisely, Tikal, center in northern Guatemalan Peten, also one of the largest ceremonial centers of the Mayan World.

You can download the leaflet prepared with information about Leyden plate in pdf format by clicking here

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Ministry of Culture and Sports

 
Department of Communication and Cultural Diffusion