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Posted 12 July, 2013 by Stuart Torres in Heritage
 
 

Kaminaljuyu


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General Information

LOCATION: Calzada San Juan 30 Avenue area 7, Guatemala, City.
HOURS: 8:00 – 16:00 (Lunes a Domingo)
COLLECTION OF INCOME: According to Government Agreement 282-2007
NATIONAL: Q. 5.00
FOREIGN: Q. 50.00

Important Information Site

GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION: The archaeological site of Kaminaljuyú stretched in the southwest of the capital city of Guatemala, at an elevation of 1,450 m above sea level. Another set of mounds protected, is located in the Miraflores shopping center, to one side of Roosevelt Road, outside the modern Museum Kaminaljuyú. Also, other mounds can still be seen in residential colonies isolated areas 7 And 11, well as in the General Cemetery in the area 3.

Site Description

Kaminaljuyu “Cerro de los Muertos”

Opened in the early 1970, is relatively extensive single point that has been protected site of rapid urban growth. In the two sections of the park have covered areas exposed by archaeologists, where visitors can appreciate original prehispanic buildings.

The site was the regional capital Kaminaljuyú most important prehispanic central highland Guatemalan. The ruins comprising more than 200 mounds that spread in an area of ​​5km., including 13 ball games, dispersed in an area of 5 km2 around the Laguna de Miraflores, now extinct on a temperate plateau, Ana the Bertil, with abundant rivers, surrounded by mountains and volcanoes.

The rapid growth of the city for four decades, has resulted in the disappearance of about 90% Site. The main area of ​​Kaminaljuyú, better known as “The Basin”, is an archaeological park by the Institute of Anthropology and History. The park, that includes two areas Denomin

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areas called “The Acropolis” and “The Basin” (so called because of the way in one of his sunken plazas) properly, represents the most important civic-complex on the site is an extraordinary architectural, debedo to the complexity of their structure and substructures, the elaborate system of pyramids, terraces and steps that alter the natural composition of the environment creating a unique dimension to their occupation. Inside large mounds can still be seen clustered around plazas, platforms and pyramids representing unlike most Maya cities, Kaminaljuyu buildings were made of clay and sand covered with burnt clay pumice, that sustained structures built of perishable materials, such as wood and straw and playground ball.

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The impressive collection of cultural materials: ceramics, lytic, shell and sculptured monuments, expressed in stela, zoomorphic sculptures Late Preclassic, constitute an extraordinary and unique source of socio-political events and dynastic history of the city in the central highlands. Zoomorphic Monuments and sculptures made in stone basalt or andesite achievements represent important pre-Columbian ritual significance, artistic and aesthetic.

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History

Called "Hill or Hill of the Dead" by the large number of burials that were found in the excavations of the ruins (1926-27) by Manuel Gamio and Antonio Villacorta (1927). Kaminaljuyú was a busy site for more than 2,000 years old, Its occupation began at the end of the Early Preclassic (1100-1000 AC), when there are small farming communities within the area covered by the site. The development of public architecture and monuments carved during the Middle Preclassic (1000-400 AC), indicates the start of the complexity in the center policy partner. It is likely that during this period Kaminaljuyú has achieved direct control The Chayal, one of the most important sources of Meso obsidian, located at a distance of 20 km to the northeast of the site.

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The Late Preclassic (400 AC-200 DC) presents the demographic zenith era, economic, social, architectural and artistic Kaminaljuyú. Su rate Demographics

co is higher, is built as many buildings and a vast array of monuments that include some of the earliest hieroglyphic texts Maya area. Also implemented a number of large hydraulic channels used to bring water from Lake Miraflores to the fields.

During the Early Classic (200-550 DC) dried and Kaminaljuyú Miraflores Lake experienced a crisis caused in part by the impossibility of irrigated agriculture. So, this was a time of decline in the site, with a marked decrease in the population. The Late Classic (550-900 DC) be characterized by a time of resurgence both in terms of population as constructive. While this period was a time of new splendor, should be noted that administrative power was less centralized than in the past, because by then, Kaminaljuyú had lost its supremacy as a cultural or commercial. Therefore, its development did not reach the complexity that was during the Late Preclassic.

Site Map
kaminal mapa

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Stuart Torres