Posted 7 May, 2014 by-Ministry of Culture and Sports in News

New epigraphic decipherment reveal the untold story of Naachtun

The most recent ex-Guatemalan archaeological team season Naachtun, Petén, was very fruitful with respect to registration and deciphering hieroglyphics texts carved in stone. Research carried out at the site in 2014 and endorsed by the Ministry of Culture and Sports, that confirmed that this was the capital city of Bat (Suutz), an important Classic Maya kingdom mentioned in the inscriptions of several places in northern Peten region as Calakmul, Uxul y Oxpemul-, which so far its exact location was unknown.

Previously it was thought that it was a regional kingdom covering northern Petén and southern Campeche, that did not have a precise header or maybe had several locations at once. Now it is certain that this Bat Emblem Glyph, mentioned in Calakmul before and after the period of domination of the dynasty Kanu'l, appears as a royal title Naachtun local rulers from the second half of the fourth century AD. and apparently until the end of the Late Classic (siglo VIII D.C.).

Identifying Naachtun as head of Bat in the near future will rebuild the ambiguous and complex relationships that held both Tikal site (Mutu´l) as with Calakmul (Kanu'l), powerful neighbors. Tellingly, recently documented and deciphered texts have provided evidence that Naachtun was involved in the famous events 11 Eb´(16 January 379 d.C.), date of the "entrance" of Teotihuacan Tikal quotas, dirigidos for Siyaj K'ahk `, the immediate consequence was the change of the local dynasty and the adoption of Teotihuacan influences in the Central Lowlands.

The particularity of the references found in Naachtun regarding this important historical event, he mentioned the days before the event, and suggests the active participation of the ruling Naachtun in the conquest of Tikal, war as captain Siyaj K'ahk '. This event started a prosperous period in Naachtun characterized by close relationships with Tikal and other sites under the latter, particularly Uaxactún and Rio Azul, whose influence is perceptible in material culture archaeologically (for example, Obsidian, ceramics, iconography, etc.)

Thanks to the new findings of the ex-Guatemalan team, Naachtun emerge as the third major player in the conflict between Tikal and Calakmul, that largely determined the geopolitics of the Central Lowlands in the Classic Period.

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-Ministry of Culture and Sports