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Posted 11 July, 2013 by Stuart Torres in Heritage
 
 

Tikal

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How to get there ?

GETTING THERE?

Tikal National Park is located north of Guatemala, in the department of Petén, a 495 km from Guatemala City (9 hours) and only 64 km from the city of Flores, Petén (1 time). To get you can take a direct bus from the capital to the city of Flores with speedy transport as Litegua, Sources North or
Gold Line. Already in Flores should take the CA-13 towards Benque Viejo, taking the road to the left in the Village Ixlú leading to the Shooting. Follow this road until you reach the park entrance. Collective minibus Flores to Tikal are available daily.

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Hours and Rates

SCHEDULE AND RATE:

Open to the public: Open Monday to Sunday, of 6:00 a 18:00 hours.

Fee income:

  • Students: Schools and public institutes are exempt pre-authorization from the Directorate General of Heritage. (More information contact (502) 2251 6224 / 7861 0255)
  • Domestic tourists: Q25.00
  • Foreign tourists Q150.00
  • Special Tours from Temple IV: Q150.00 to watch the sunrise (cancel in the Park Administration Office)

Services and Attractions

SERVICES AND ATTRACTIONS

In the park you can perform the following activities:

  • Hiking trails
  • Birdwatching
  • Camp
  • Museum Visit to stone and ceramic
  • Guided tours
  • Travel services in the park:
  • Visitor Center
  • Accessible trails
  • Bathrooms in different areas of the park
  • Rest areas within the site
  • Interpretative information on archeology and nature
  • Lithic and Ceramic Museum
  • Guides specialized in archeology and / or birdwatching
  • Special bus service for people with special needs
  • Nursing and ambulance service
  • Parking
  • Sale of handicrafts and souvenirs
  • Variety of restaurants and canteens
  • Camping area


Recommendations

Entail using running water, warm weather clothing and comfortable walking shoes, cap, sun block, waterproof, photographic camera and insect repellent.

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Information Tikal

TIKAL Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Tikal National Park is home to the remains of the largest and most important city in pre-Columbian history of the Maya, as well as 550 square kilometers of lush rainforest, home to a diversity of wildlife species.

The city of Tikal was occupied by almost 1,500 years old, starting from the Middle Preclassic (800 a.C.) until it was abandoned in the ninth century D.C.. The structures and monuments found at the site relate the importance it had in the time measurement Tikal Long Count and the commemoration of the start of several periods and B'aktun K'atuns 9.

So far Tikal date still contains the oldest Long Count of the Maya Lowlands (Wake 29, 292 d.C.), indicating that it was the first or one of the first cities to establish a government Maya dynastic rulers registered his stone stelae with hieroglyphic inscriptions. Therefore, in Tikal there was a dynastic sequence 33 successive kings.

In the city of Tikal is one of the few celebrations of the beginning of Baktun 9, as inscribed on the Stele 31, which tells the story of his first 15 rulers. Similarly, contrails contain numerous celebrations late periods 20 tunes (almost 20 years old), llamados K'atunes. From ruler # 26, JasawChaanK'awiil, was established to celebrate each new K'atun with the construction of a memorial plaza, now known as Twin Pyramid Complex, which had two truncated pyramids (without a temple) with four radial steps, one in the west end and one in the east end, symbolizing sunrise and sunset on the horizon. North of each complex was placed a commemorative stele, inscription which marked the conclusion of a new K'atun. In Tikal were observed six of these complexes: Complex M, Complex N, O complex, Complex P, Complex Q and Complex R. The first two were built by the ruler # 26 (Jasaw Chan K'awiil), the next two by his son, the ruler # 27 (Yik’inChaanK’awiil) and the last two by his successor, the ruler # 29 (YaxNuunAyiin II).

In the Middle and Late Preclassic, Tikal had an observatory solar solstices and equinoxes, now known as Group E, in what is now known as the Lost World, observation point which was called the Great Pyramid. This indicates that in Tikal also used Ja'ab Calendar or Solar Calendar for timekeeping.

In addition to its archaeological importance, Tikal is considered today as a sacred Maya and other religious ceremonies are held weekly.

Contact Information

Ministry of Culture and Sports
Phone:
(502) 2251 6224 / 7861 0255

Proceso de cobro para ingreso a Parque Nacional Tikal

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Stuart Torres