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Posted 13 July, 2013 by Stuart Torres in Heritage
 
 

Yaxhá

ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK Yaxhá

yaxha

Schedules:
The entrance gate opens at 8:00 a.m. and closes at 6:00 p.m.

Rate

Input value for domestic and foreign:
National: Q.40.00
Extranejeros Q.80.00

– Yaxha location Nakum Naranjo National Park
(kilometer, municipality): Km.60 road to Benque Viejo, which connects Flores to Belize. City of Flowers, Petén.
The road is in fair condition, across the park there is a bladed dirt road 15km. in which vehicles can transit high and 4×4 all year.

– Services (health, restaurants, hospitality close, etc.):

The Naranjo National Park Yaxha Nakum, has different services in each of its 4 Monumental cities. In Yaxha tourism infrastructure exists including collection and entry gate, paths and stairs to the temples, Site interpretation, benches, rest ranches, sanitation, two-story ranches to camp, showers, parking, museum, Boat travel service, Community guide services, springs (even though you are completely forbidden to swim), library and visitor information area.
Coming soon will open the visitor center at the port of entry, where community associations will be offering food services, Water transfers and Earthly, crafts, greengrocers products, guide services and more.

In Topoxte it has: tourist infrastructure that includes dock for income, Rest Ranch, elevated walkways and bathrooms. (Reached by boat from Yaxha, The service is offered by the cooperative or Ecolodge Park “The Hat”)

En Nakum hay: tourist infrastructure that includes dock for income, elevated walkways, Site interpretation, toilets, two-story ranches for camping and showers. Electricity services are also solar panels. (It comes in 4×4 during dry season from March to June and the rest of the year walking or riding. Está a 18km. de Yaxha)
In Naranjo: there is a big ranch rest and parking. ( Is entered in 4×4 during dry season, the rest of the year walking or riding and is 22km. de Yaxha

Near the entrance to the park, in the Village Yaxha, there 1 hotel restaurant called “The Hat”, there is also a campsite called “El grito of Saraguate”, in the Village Machine, where the dirt road crosses the park entrance, there is a restaurant called “The Yaxha Portal”.

Related

  • The website is about to be inaugurated:
  • In Spanish: www.destinoyaxha.com
  • In English: www.destinationyaxha.com
  • Facebook: Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo – YNN National Park

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Historical background National Park Yaxha-Nakum-Naranjo

1. Hispanic History

Natural elements located in this region as well as its strategic location, undoubtedly caused the attention of groups that decided to settle. So, and at least since 700 a. C. came the first inhabitants, who must have been impressed by the landscape and this important source of water, generator of life. It was so much that they chose to name their settlement: Agua Verde or Yaxha, such as is referred to in the glyph used to identify themselves and to others. That long occupation that would last about 1600 years old, being reflected for posterity in a number of buildings including the North Acropolis and Maler Group are some of the oldest traces. Even, is likely that at the same time there emerged the dock that would allow them to open regional trade.

Around 250 d. C., when it begins the period known as the Early Classic Period, sites with much influence and power as Tikal appears to have established a close relationship. Then, and between 600 and 800 d. C., period known as the Late Classic period, Yaxha perhaps continues to develop at the expense of places like Holtun, Naya et al. Yet in the end, the debacle. After the last stele erected Yaxha, registering the year 796 d. C., decrease construction work, which still lasted over 100 years until completely abandoned in the second half of the tenth century. C.

Topoxte, is a site which was linked to Yaxha population during various times between the Late Preclassic and Classic period. After a temporary abandonment, the year 1150 d. C. during the Postclassic, there was a re occupation by a different group that concentrated residential and ceremonial areas on site to allocate land area in agricultural activities. So, could survive the abandonment of the major sites, at least until around 1450 d. C.

The regional dynamics that occurred during pre-Hispanic times was quite complex. There were places rivaling each other while creating alliances with other. This is the case of Yaxha: while related to Tikal, arises north Pots House is the meaning of the name Nakum, assigned by the investigator back in Perigny 1910. Similar in length to Yaxha, their constructive effort starts in from the Late Preclassic period circa 300 a. C.

It was precisely the Acropolis where there were representations of various types during the Early Classic period, according to the Late Classic period when this site might have looked for regional control of the middle basin Holmul.

Similar in their old, Orange, the other regional player, had a prolonged occupation that began around the year 800 a. C., during the Middle Preclassic. Among the oldest traces are four sets of Acropolis, that were built between the years 500 and 350 a. C. So, already during the Late Preclassic period, the main urban axis was fully developed based on an old road or processional route. At that time scholars think that originated most visible buildings and squares. With subsequent construction activity of buildings with painted stucco siding, during the Late Classic period this site was characterized by its expansionist military policy. However, early seventh century. C., Naranjo had a conflict for this unfortunate outcome with Caracol, nevertheless have continued with the construction of major buildings.

2. Research and Restoration

Overall, the intense research effort produced until today and will surely continue for long, retrieving and integrating information in the form of a huge and complex puzzle in which each discovery becomes a critical piece that will contribute to complete increasingly historical map that forged this region as large and diverse.

From diverse backgrounds were the explorers who made the decision to venture deep into the rainforest to try to unravel the secrets that housed. So, in its first stage in the early years of the twentieth century studies focused on the knowledge of architecture and sculpture. Among the names, Teobert Templates, William Lincoln of the Sylvanus Morley en Yaxha, attributing the Frenchman Maurice Perigny Nakum is the discovery in 1905 followed by Tozzer and Merwin. For his part in Naranjo, Maler discovered the site in 1904, Morley having been consecrated to the study of sculpture. Topoxte, reported 1831 by the then governor of Petén, Juan Galindo, were Maler, Morley and Perigny those who visit and document.

During a second stage produces a series of research to elaborate on the history of the sites. Ian Graham is when documents Naranjo inscriptions for corpus. Later, since 1989 the Ministry of Culture and Sports of Guatemala, counting on support from the German government boosted Yaxha-Nakum-Naranjo/PROSIAPETEN Triangle Project realization that guided the research and restoration of structures on sites Yaxha, Nakum, Naranjo y Topoxte.

The efforts led to successfully carry out restoration work through the financial support of the PDS / IDB has supported the restoration activities in Yaxha and tourist infrastructure construction for this site and Nakum.

Currently in Naranjo continues with the restoration by the Department of Conservation and restoration of pre-Hispanic archeological sites, DECORSIAP.

In the protected area comprising a valuable natural heritage 37160 hectares, have been documented over 260 sites smaller groups.

3. Natural wealth

Cultural heritage is a reflection of a society that adapted to their environment, taking advantage of it for their development. From this account, there is a significant natural heritage in the region, that as the studies that have been developed over time have yielded at least 62 species of flora and 197 of wildlife including mammals, poultry, reptiles, and amphibians.

4. Coadministration Policy

A strategy for the conservation of protected areas has been the administration thereof by institutional entities related. Thus, and for the year 1970 The Institute of Anthropology and History initiates a series of surveillance activities and maintaining sites. Then, in 1990 starts CONAP protection and management activities. Later, Year 1999 is developed the first Master Plan 1999-2003 for the management of the area, entonces defined as Natural Monument. This led to the development of the technical study for the declaration of the Triangle Yaxha-Nakum-Naranjo National Park, counting management category I, which led to the issuance of Decree No. 55-2003 the Congress of the Republic where he became the legal declaration Yaxha-Nakum Park-Naranjo, coadministration giving both the Directorate General of Cultural and Natural Heritage of the Ministry of Culture and Sports as the cultural component and CONAP on natural component.

The first Master Plan, was revised with a view to strengthen and achieve the necessary follow, thus resulting in the Master Plan 2006-2010, that identified the items available to keep the park, sets targets, management programs and goals, well as technical and administrative structure for achieving. Currently and for tracking purposes projecting a new revision of the same during the year 2013 to identify those aspects that are pending and those that need to be implemented.

Another aspect worth noting is the presence of a number of communities as time passed were settling in and around the park, and with a different ethnic composition and origin originally came to pursue the collection of materials such as gum, xate and pepper. From this account, and as a result of transfer from other hometowns, resulted in a cultural integration, first sharing their own traditions, and then the change of occupation to agriculture. The descendants of these first inhabitants developed a local identity and a strong link to the park, to the point that several of them toil operational staff, and others who are engaged in the provision of services to visitors, as is the case of community guides, who have undergone training.

Institutional efforts in cultural and natural components on one side and the support of the communities on the other constitute a cornerstone for the conservation of this valuable heritage.

Currently it is intended that the park can potentiate its value as an educational element at all levels. Training activities to community guides, improvement of museum and museum script, and a review of the information in the museum oriented optimization, are some of the activities that have begun to implement. To this must be added the new draft Calendar Round, that in a tangible way allow greater understanding of the functioning of the Mayan calendar.

Many situations have occurred in recent decades in which there has been a disconnect between human beings and nature, to the point of only exploit regardless of the consequences that could have a medium and long term. And the consequences are beginning to see. Thus, is considered that this date is a symbolic coated should lead us to adopt attitudes and concrete long-term commitments to achieve the much sought after change. From this account, commemorative activities were prepared waiting to be a generator of this change, we meet again looking to ourselves and the nature of which our very existence depends. So, gastronomy, music and crafts, cultural manifestations are exposed as part of an effort in the search for a better environment coupled with the possibilities it can offer us the use of different non-recyclable products. And as a framework, over time through the calendar round becomes a constant reminder of the imperative to do this change in attitudes remain constant if, the consequences will be disastrous, for us and especially for our descendants.

In conclusion, is important to note the constant efforts made by the technical and operational staff whose primary guidelines Park are the protection and conservation of their heritage on the one hand and on the other the pursuit of improving the visitor experience as a rich element , being both a factor that can help generate an appreciation and identification with this historical legacy entrusted jealously preserve.

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Stuart Torres