7
Posted 12 July, 2013 by Stuart Torres in Heritage
 
 

Iximche

iximche_0
General Information

LOCATION: Municipality Tecpán, Chimaltenango.
HOURS: 8:00 – 16:00 (Lunes a Domingo)
COLLECTION OF INCOME: According to Government Agreement 282-2007
NATIONAL: Q. 5.00
FOREIGN: Q. 50.00

Contacts

Directorate General of Cultural and Natural Heritage, CONAP
Phone: (502) 2251 6224

Services and Attractions

In the park you can perform the following activities:

Hiking trails
Visit the showroom

The park offers the following tourist services:
  • Rest area
  • Toilets
  • Picnic area
  • Showroom
  • Informational signs
  • Parking
  • Dining outside the park
  • Store out of the park
How to get there?

Iximché is located in the municipality of Tecpán, in Chimaltenango, a 40 km from the provincial capital, a 56 miles of Antigua Guatemala and to 91 km from the Capital City (1 time). You can get here by the CA-1, leading to the west of Guatemala by 88 km. Then, take the junction to the left that leads to the village of Tecpán and follow the path paved by 3 kilometers to reach the archaeological site.

View Larger Map

SITE FACTS

GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION: It is located in the Municipality of Tecpán, Chimaltenango, approximately 3 km south of the head of the municipality, to a height of 2,260 m. It sits in the foothills of Mount Ratzamut. The distance from Guatemala City is 93 km, for the trail C. A. 1, West.
TEMPORARY: City Postclassic (1250-1524)
UNITED: Kaqchiquel

DESCRIPTION OF THE CITY:

Iximche derives its name from the tree called Ramon (Ixim = Corn on Ramon, Árbol Chee;), that grows in the region and whose fruit is edible. Follow the characteristic defensive emplacement Late Postclassic (1250-1524 DC). The settlement occupies an area of ​​approximately 15,570 m², over 170 structures. Ratzamut Mount is a rocky hill that is directly dependent on Tecpán. The essential part of Iximche is built on the edge of the promontory, and flanked by deep ravines. The entrance was well defended by two manned gates and a moat obsidian artificial promontory cutting the gorge to.

The southwest area has several small groups that include patios and ritual use structures. Each square has one or two temples and houses several platforms. In the area of ​​the squares are a number of small structures ceremonial use, eleven of them in the Plaza A. There are few remains of the superstructure of temples and houses, since columns and walls were adobe se, the roofs of perishable materials and flammable, That explains why Iximche has suffered two fires (1January 1514 and 7 February 1526). Although the Memorial of Solola says the first fire was in 1513.

It also has six seats civic-ceremonial (A-E), where major lineages residing, are well defined and are separated by natural uneven terrain, all have pyramidal temples, elongated platforms and altars. Groups A and C are the most monumental architectural, so it has been assumed that it was the headquarters of Ahpoxahil and Ahpozotzil, titles of the two paramount chiefs in the lineages leading to jointly ruled Iximche. Groups B and D appear to have been occupied by the dignitaries who carried Ahpop titles Ahpop Qamhah and Achi. The spaces E and F, are surrounded by buildings that were inhabited by dignitaries possibly lower.

Iximche Burials were found under the floors of housing platforms. Among the predominantly utilitarian pottery micaceous, including griddles, abundant red slipped pottery, brown bowls of the type known in Old Resume Zaculeu and are quite common. The stone sculpture is scarce, grinding stones are common, three feet. Black obsidian was used in large quantities to make knives, scrapers and points.

HISTORY

Initially, Kaqchikel were allies of the K'iche ', had cut Chiavar but rivalries and internal problems and Vukubatz Juntoh kings broke the alliance in the year 1463 DC. Qikab, "Quiche prodigious King", having been overthrown by his own sons, said to the Kaqchikel Chiavar abandon their city and to establish the Ratzamut, where it was founded in the year Iximche 1470 DC. Since then, the war between the K'iche and Kaqchikel was endemic. The Conquerors, took advantage of this enmity and used, alternatively, or a Kaqchikel contra or K'iche 'y Tzutuhil, then these against the Kaqchikel.

In 1490, during a great battle told in the Annals of the Kaqchikel, army was annihilated K'iche 'of Utatlan. After this victory, Kaqchikel continued to expand its territory in the early sixteenth century, when its rise was contained by the Spanish conquerors.

It is mentioned in the Memorial of Solola that Iximche was destroyed by fire, but it was rebuilt and kings received in April Alvarado 1524. "The day 1 Hunahpú (12 April 1524) the Spaniards came to the city of Iximche, his boss was called Tunatiuh. Qat Beleh Kings and came to the point Imox Cahi to find Tunatiuh. Tunatiuh's heart well disposed towards the king when he came to the city. There had been fighting and Tunatiuh was happy when he came to Iximche. Thus once the Spaniards arrived, Oh my children indeed instilled fear when they arrived. Their faces were strange. The Lords took them for gods. Ourselves, your father, went to see them when they entered Iximche. "This foundation did not last long, for the Indians rebelled a few days against the Spanish and left the city, fleeing to the mountains. This manuscript reports that the 7 February 1526 Alvarado caught a fuego Iximché, but as established during the process taught in Mexico in 1529 against Alvarado, was a group of 60 Spanish unhappy that some houses burned to conceal his escape, motivated by the desire to avoid Alvarado order for them to go with him to Honduras, to join Hernán Cortés. The malcontents went to Mexico, and Alvarado believed not wise to leave his army in rebel towns, decided to move its headquarters to Xepau, near Quetzaltenango.

Narra Solola Memorial in 1526 Bernal Diaz del Castillo visited Iximche returning from Honduras with Luis Marin and other members of the expedition of Cortez, indicating that after meeting on the road with Alvarado, stopped to sleep in the "seat of Guatemala City, the old, which used to be the bosses who said Zinacantan and Sacachul ... and the apartments and houses were so good and so rich buildings, in order as all chiefs who ruled the neighboring provinces ".

THE historian Fuentes and Guzman's visit in 1690, and says that the ruins of Yximchée, occupied a plain three miles long from north to south, by the width of this west, to which he could enter only a very narrow road that was closed with two doors chay stone or obsidian. The floor was covered with thick layer of mortar. At one end could be seen the ruins of a magnificent building perfectly square, I had a hundred paces from side, was made of fine ashlar stone edged. In front of this building lay a large square and sides of this were remnants of a palace. Old foundations of houses were seen around the ceremonial center. The city was divided by a ditch three feet deep that ran from north to south and had masonry parapets that rose over a stick. In the eastern part of the pit were the houses of the nobles, and in the West the commoners. The streets were straight and spacious. To the west lay a small prominence overlooking the city and on top of which looked at the remains of a round building as well curb had a base of shiny material like glass. This was where the judges examined the civil and criminal, as imagined colonial chronicler (Recinos 1979).

Initially, Kaqchikel took the arrival of the conquistadors to ally them and thus participate in the submission of their rivals K'iche ', Tzutujil y Pipil of Panatacat.

After his military expedition Atitlan, Escuintla and Cuscatlan (El Salvador), Iximche Alvarado returned with his men and "the day 25 July, in which the Church celebrates the Ap. Santiago, Pattern of Spain, were put in the form of armed marched Exercito and hear mass ... in this way went to the poor Church, that had formed .... Completed this act, invoked together at St. James, and gave their name to the town's founding. "

Iximche held the distinction of first capital of Guatemala for about three years (1524-1526 DC), until it was burned by the Spanish 7 February 1526 DC, as believed in retaliation for the rebellion of the Kaqchikel, who had left the city since 1524 by mistreatment and taxation requirements of gold they received from the conquerors. After execution of the last kings, some stones of the abandoned buildings in Iximche were removed to start building Tecpán Guatemala.

 

42,404 total views, 33 views today


Stuart Torres